Hypertension (High Blood Pressure)

High blood pressure can cause injury to organs such as the heart and kidneys by itself, as well as contributing to hardening of the arteries; so it is listed as both a cause of death (here) and also as a risk factor for some of the more common causes of death (Heart Attack, Stroke and Artery disease).

The effects of high blood pressure are magnified by coexisting smoking, high cholesterol and/or diabetes. Blood pressure is often improved by aerobic exercise and weight loss. Systolic blood pressure is used by this program.

More information about blood pressure is available from the Women's Heart Foundation and from the American Heart Association.